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Australia

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26th of January

Australia Day which commemorates the start of settlement at Port Jackson.

25th of April

ANZAC (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) Day which commemorates the contributions and sacrifices of all men and women from the armed services in World war I.

Boxing Day

What is the population of Australia?

Australia is one of the least densely populated countries in the world. On 11 February 2018 the resident population of Australia was estimated to be 24,826,764.

How Urbanized is Australia?

Australians are among the most urbanized people in the world. Around 80% of the inhabitants of each state and territory live within 100 km of their capital cities.

Which is the most Populated state of Australia?

New South Wales with the population of 8,164,100.

Multiculturalism

Over 28% of Australians were born in another country. 21% of Australians have at least one parent who was born overseas. Australian migrants are from more than 190 countries; 2.8% of Australians are of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander descent.

Language

more than one-fifth of Australians speak a language other than English at home (4,858,804 people) over 64,000 Australians speak an Indigenous language at home about 7% of the total population speaks one of the six most commonly spoken languages (other than English) at their home.

What is the most language in Australia?

Mandarin with 596,711 no. of people.

Religion

Australia is predominantly a Christian country; however, all religions are represented in Australian society. According to 2016 census, people who follow Christianity is 52.1%, people follow other religions is 8.2% and people with no religion is 30.1%.

Climate and Environment

When did Australia recorded extreme temperatures?

1889: 53°C at Cloncurry (Queensland), 1994: -23°C at Charlotte Pass (NSW) .

What are Australia's climatic zones?

Summers tend to be hotter and more humid in the north and winters are usually colder in the south.

Which city recorded maximum temperatures?

Darwin (NT): with a maximum Temperature of 31.8°C in January and 30.7°C in July.

Which city recorded minimum temperatures?

Canberra (ACT): with a maximum Temperature of 13.3°C in January and -0.1°C in July.

How about rainfall in Australia?

Australia has a low average annual rainfall but high falls occur in the north.

What are the most seasonal rainfall zones of Australia

Northern and Eastern regions have wet summers and that central Australia is very dry.

Which city has the highest rainfall?

Darwin in the tropical north has the highest summer rainfall and highest annual rainfall.

Which city has the lowest rainfall?

Adelaide has the lowest summer rainfall and lowest annual rainfall.

How about Australia’s biodiversity?

Australia has a wide variety of unique distinctive flora and fauna. It is one of the few places on Earth to have such a large number of marsupials, and to have the only two monotreme mammals.

How can you explain fauna in Australia?

Marsupial mammals give birth to their young and carry them in a pouch. Examples - Kangaroo, Koala, Wombat. Monotreme mammals lay eggs instead of giving birth to live young. Examples - Platypus, Echidna

Natural wonders of Australia

Which is the longest mountain range?

The Great Dividing Range is the longest mountain range that starts in central Victoria and ends in Northern Queensland and is several thousand kilometers in length.

Which part of Australia is called the Red Centre?

The landscape in the tropical north consists of rainforest that leads into large areas of grasslands. These eventually merge into the central deserts, which are the largest in the world outside of the Sahara.

How many natural wonders does Australia has?

Australia has unique natural wonders: Great Barrier Reef, Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park and Tasmanian Wilderness.

Great Barrier Reef

It is a scuba divers paradise which runs from north of Fraser Island to the tip of Cape York and provides habitats for many forms of marine life. The Reef also provides a major breeding ground for humpback whales and a feeding ground for endangered species such as dugongs and turtles.

Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park

It contains a range of remarkable geological and landform features including the spectacular monoliths of Uluru (Ayers Rock) and Kata Tjuta (the Olgas). The park is co-managed by Parks Australia and the Anangu people.

Tasmanian Wilderness

The Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage area is one of the largest conservation reserves in Australia. It covers about 20 per cent of Tasmania (1.38 million hectares), and it is one of only three temperate wilderness areas remaining in the Southern Hemisphere.

Importance of this Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage?

This area contains rocks of every geological period and is a major center for plant diversity. Its Huon pines, which can be up to 2000 years old, are some of the oldest trees in the world. Also, several animals that are now extinct on mainland Australia still survive there.

Government

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Does Australia have a queen?

Queen Elizabeth II of Britain is formally Queen of Australia and is the constitutional monarch.

Whose advice does she accepts?

The Queen accepts the advice of the elected Australian Government to appoint a Governor-General, who represents her. The Governor-General has wide powers, but by convention acts only on the advice of the Prime Minister.

What is Australian government based on?

Australian government is based on a popularly elected Parliament with two chambers, the House of Representatives (Lower House) and the Senate (Upper House).

Federal government

Australia is a liberal parliamentary democracy, similar to the USA and UK. It is based on: freedom of speech & association And religious tolerance.

Who is the Leader of federal government?

Federal Government’s leader is called the Prime Minister: The Hon. Scott Morrison (present) member of the Liberal Party of Australia.

State government

Each State and Territory has its own democratically elected government and leader: the State Government leader is called the Premier And the Territory leader is called the Chief Minister.

Does federal and state government cooperate in anyway?

The federal and state governments cooperate in many areas such as education, transport, health, and law enforcement.

Local government

Local government councils control the urban and rural areas, taking care of issues such as local transport, rubbish collection and town planning. The leader of a council is called the Mayor.

What are local councils for?

Local councils are active in providing services such as libraries, childcare services as well as activities and events. Local councils also promote their regions as study and tourist destinations, so they sometimes have interaction with education agents.